SCI-DEFI. PART 3. UNIVERSE CONSTANTS
Fundamentals

The natural world is amazingly diverse and the variety within it seems to be limitless. In school, they teach us that the whole universe is constructed from base particles and the diversity of nature comes from a combination of these particles. Particles interact with each other, observing and complying with the laws of physics. What can we discover by peering a little deeper behind the mysterious veil of the cosmos? There are already many well-established physical constants that are used in science every day. One of the simplest to understand is Sir Isaac Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation.
Here, G is the gravitational constant, F is for force, m1 and m2 represent two bodies of mass and r is the distance between the two centres of mass. This constant was calculated after multiple experiments and as long as it applies to what we see around us and what can be measured and observed, we will continue to use this model.

There are other well-known constants such as c = speed of light in a vacuum, e = the mass of an electron and h = the Planck constant. These widely accepted constants can appear to be fairly mundane and arbitrary but, one thing is extremely interesting about them. If we modify the value of one of these constants even a tiny amount, say by 10–6, all these equations will collapse. This, in other words, means everything around us only exists within these particular values of the fundamental constants. If for any reason, these values could be manipulated, catastrophic consequences will follow. Electrons will no longer be able to orbit their atomic nuclei, so the matter of the universe will irreparably transform and life as we know it will cease to exist. The loss of gravity would cause planets to lose orbits, stars would spontaneously disassemble and galaxies and the cosmic web would diffuse into a homogenous lifeless dust cloud of unstable particles. Thank your lucky stars that the constants hold our world together.

Crypto constants

With this brief overview of the basic universal constants behind us, we can now take a look at the crypto-space and see if we can draw any comparisons. If our universe can be so tightly bound together with these well-defined constants, it could be logical to expect to find constants in other places such as cryptocurrency. Though, defining the crypto-constants and finding them is no easy task. Regardless, we will try to apply our knowledge and look for similarities.

The entire mass of the universe is currently said to be calculated at 1053 Kg. We could liken the total mass of the universe to the total number of coins issued. So, concerning this defined finite amount of mass seen in the universe, it could imply that a coin's total supply should be fixed. Could this be one reason for Bitcoin's success? Having a fixed and determinable number of coins? So, it could be reasonable to imply that limited emission is a prerequisite for success.
Crypto-annihilation

Let's apply another constant to our crypto model. We have spoken about the entire mass of the universe being a constant. However, we can look deeper. The mass we're talking about in physics is called baryonic matter. There is a problem in physics called baryon asymmetry. This describes the imbalance between matter and anti-matter in the universe. The Big Bang should have produced equal amounts of both matter and anti-matter, yet this is not what is observed. There is a massive imbalance as it seems the majority of the observable universe is comprised mainly of matter. Several competing hypotheses try to explain this asymmetry.

Nevertheless, anti-matter appears in tiny amounts after nuclear reactions and some high-energy interactions. Anti-matter is routinely used in medicine, microelectronics, sensors, etc. For instance, PET – Positron Emission Tomography – has been used in oncology, neurology, cardiology, etc. for quite a long time (since 1974).

When anti-matter interacts with matter both disappear completely – the particles annihilate and release massive amounts of energy. This only happens where the mass-saving law breaks, as in all other interactions the mass stays unchanged no matter what happens. So, burning a block of wood only transforms the matter from one form to another. The wood's exact mass would be converted to charcoal, soot, gases, and other particulates.

Annihilation, in turn, is the type of reaction with the largest energy release in the universe. Only 0,5 grams of matter reacting with the same amount of anti-matter releases the same energy as 21,500 tons of TNT (a 21.5 kiloton equivalent – just over 40% more than the atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima in 1945). Just imagine: this interaction releases so much energy, that all the explosives used in World War II can be represented by just 100 grams of matter and anti-matter!

What does annihilation represent in crypto? Indeed! It is token burning. When an asset goes through a burning procedure to remove a portion of that issued asset from circulation, it has the knock-on effect of making the asset more valuable due to increased scarcity.

The annihilation of the asset releases energy in the form of a higher price, sending healthy signals to the whole market through the asset's increased value, engaging the community and improving global visibility.
Vladimir Demin
2021